Partition hard drive for Linux

Linux has a complicated hierarchy of files and folders that can be confusing right from the start when a user is trying to migrate to Linux. When asked for partition information by the installer, a user may feel uncomfortable continuing.  We’ll try to sort through some of that mess here.

About the Linux filesystem hierarchy

Linux has a filesystem hierarchy that is pretty common amongst various flavors of Linux. Let’s look at a few of the most common ones:

Note: It is easy to confuse “root” as in the user and “root” as in the root directory. The two are separate; the root directory is “/”, the root user is “root”.