mv - Linux command, to rename or move files

mv is a utitily to rename or move files or directories, it only physically moves the file when the source file system is different from the destination file system.

Check here the complete man page.

MV(1) User Commands MV(1)

NAME
mv - move (rename) files

SYNOPSIS
mv [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
mv [OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY
mv [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...

DESCRIPTION
Rename SOURCE to DEST, or move SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options
too.

--backup[=CONTROL]
make a backup of each existing destination file

-b like --backup but does not accept an argument

-f, --force
do not prompt before overwriting

-i, --interactive
prompt before overwrite

--strip-trailing-slashes remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE
argument

-S, --suffix=SUFFIX
override the usual backup suffix

-t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
move all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

-T, --no-target-directory
treat DEST as a normal file

-u, --update
move only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination
file or when the destination file is missing

-v, --verbose
explain what is being done

--help display this help and exit

--version
output version information and exit

The backup suffix is ‘~’, unless set with --suffix or SIM?
PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the
--backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.
Here are the values:

none, off
never make backups (even if --backup is given)

numbered, t
make numbered backups

existing, nil
numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

simple, never
always make simple backups

AUTHOR
Written by Mike Parker, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS
Report bugs to .

COPYRIGHT
Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the
terms of the GNU General Public License
. There is NO WARRANTY, to the
extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
The full documentation for mv is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and mv programs are properly installed at your site, the com?
mand

info mv

should give you access to the complete manual.

mv 5.97 January 2007 MV(1)

Notes

You need write and execute permission for the parent directory, but not for the file to be moved itself

Examples:

mv archive archive.txt

With this example you will rename the file archive to archive.txt

mv archive.txt /home/user/archives/

This command will move archive.txt to the directory /home/user/archives/ and will have the same original name.

mv -u file1 file2

With this last command, you will prevent that if file2 exists and is newer that file1, the command will not be executed.